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Friday Semon: Destiny and Fate Re-Examined

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By Babatunde Jose

What is the belief in destiny in Islam? That Allah has decreed all things from eternity. He knows what will happen, when it will happen, how it will happen, and He has written it and willed it. This includes the pettiest of human affairs.

Qadar literally means “power”, (J. M. Cowan (ed.) (1976). The Hans Wehr Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic. Wiesbaden, Germany) but translated variously as: fate, divine preordainment, predestination, divine decree, decree of Allah: Qadar is the concept of divine destiny in Islam. At the same time, human beings are responsible for their actions, and will be rewarded or punished accordingly on Judgement Day. There is therefore a contradiction and hence different schools of thought.

Predestination/Divine Destiny is one of Sunni Islam’s six articles of faith. Some early Islamic schools (Qadariyah and Mu’tazila) did not accept the doctrine of predestination; Mu’tazila argued that it was “unthinkable” that God “would punish man for what He himself had commanded” or preordained.

Qadariyah means will. This understanding says what happens to humans is a personal will. According to them, humans are fully responsible for their actions.

Qadariyah means will. This understanding says what happens to humans is a personal will. According to them, humans are fully responsible for their actions.

Predestination is not included in the Five Articles of Faith of Shi’i Islam. At least a few sources describe Shi’i Muslims as denying predestination, and at least one Shi’i scholar, Naser Makarem Shiraz, argues “belief in predestination is a denial of justice”.

Does a preordained power that we call destiny or fate control both the nature of the events that occur in our lives and the resulting planned or spontaneous actions we take? Contrary to popular belief…there are those who strongly believe that there is not!

In orthodox Islam, God’s control over what happens in his creation is absolute. “Allah has decreed all things from eternity”. He knows that they will happen, when they will happen, how they will happen, and “He has written that and willed it”. al-Qada’ wa’l-Qadar by Dr ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Mahmoud, p. 39.

“He knows what is in land and sea; not a leaf falls, but He knows it.” (Q.6:59).

But at the same time, human beings in their life on earth have the choice to do good or evil (Free will), are responsible for their actions, and will be rewarded or punished according to an eternal afterlife.

This poses the question, raised by the early Islamic rationalist Mu’tazila school of thought; if everything that has happened and will happen, including all acts of good and evil, has already been determined by God, doesn’t that mean that everything a human being does during their life is only following God’s decree? How can human beings be responsible for this, and even be punished with eternal torment in hell for it?

The question was/is not unique to Islam, and the debate over whether free will exists is not even limited to religion. According to Justin Parrott of the Islamic Yaqeen Institute, “it has been an important issue throughout history”, addressed by the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle over 2000 years ago. Orientalist Alfred Guillaume points out the dilemma “has exercised the minds” of theologians of all religions “which claim to present” a god that is both almighty and moral.

According to Maria De Cillis, “the apparently unsolvable conflict between the concepts of free will and determinism (or divine predetermination)” has not only been “a matter of great interest” but also of “heated controversy”, extending beyond academia and the ulama and into politics “by virtue of the repercussions that this debate has in a social context”.

For example, when tyrannical and corrupt authorities encourage fatalism towards tyranny and corruption by pointing out that these maladies are “divinely willed and preordained”. De Cillis, Maria (22 April 2022). “ISLAM. Muslims and Free Will”.

According to Justin Parrott, “the idea … that everything has already been decreed by the Creator from eternity and the “myriad of philosophical conundrums that arise” from the issue has caused some Muslims to experience doubts of faith. “Are we forced to do what we do, or are our choices meaningful?”

De Cillis writes that the issue was so sensitive, that the Prophet (SAW) allegedly taught believers to abstain from considerations about destiny (qadar), calling it ‘a deep sea, a dark path and God’s secret’.

One of the most authoritative Sunni intellectuals, the theologian and Sufi master, Abū Hamid al-Ghazali (d.1111), reports in his masterpiece, The Revival of the Religious Sciences, the tradition according to which Muhammad (SAW) … proclaimed: “Refrain from speaking about qadar.”

As a result, the scholars emphasized that providence is a secret of Allah and that “going too deeply into it philosophically” will lead to “misguidance”. The creed of Al-Tahawi warns “that providence” is such a secret that even God’s most obedient and holy creatures were not let in on the mystery.

The principle of providence is the secret of Allah Almighty in His creation that has not been given to an angel near Him, nor to a prophet or messenger. Exaggeration (al-ta’ammuq) and debate regarding it leads to failure, progressive denial, and a degree of transgression. Take every precaution against that kind of debate, thinking, and insinuation, warned the sages..

But one may say then, “What’s the use of striving in this life if we will get what is already decreed by God?” What is the essence of striving when the end state is already pre-ordained? The catch here is that that end, or preordainment is never known to man but only God. If it were known that I would be rich and famous, why would I make any effort. To this end, it is only God that knows the end state.

The answer to the conjectures above is very simple. Man cannot strive against the destiny that was not revealed to him. Therefore, because destiny is never revealed, life is a struggle against unknown fate. We struggle, pray, and supplicate because we are never sure of what our ‘ori’ has chosen. This therefore brings into question the related concept of fatalism.

What is this thing called fatalism and what role does it play in our lives?

Fatalism is a belief that things happen, and we have no choice but to accept the outcome of events.

Fatalism is a doctrine that stresses the complete control of all events or actions to fate or destiny, and is commonly associated with resignation, acceptance, conformity, concession, and submission.

 Those who embrace fatalism believe that bad events cannot be avoided…and they are powerless to change the future. Thus they wallow in misery, poverty and impoverishment.

Fatalism is a false, misleading, dangerous, and manipulative premise. What will be is not necessarily what must be!

One does not have to be a prophet in any sense of the word however, to entertain a strong bias for action, self-reliance, and self-determination…and an intense dislike for fatalism, excuses, and subjugation. This exactly is the bane of our people when we resign our fate to the spiritual realm: God will deliver us from our clueless and thieving leaders. We congregate in churches and mosques to pray for deliverance when we should be on the barricade fighting for our freedom and emancipation.

“The Greek idea of fate is moira, which means “portion.” But there is more to life than just fate. There is also genetics, environment, economics, and so on. So, it’s not all written in the book before you get here, such that you don’t have to do anything. That’s fatalism.” — James Hillman

Fatalism is a tool of the weak, lazy, indolent and for those inflicted with a courage deficit … it’s their way of giving up, surrendering freedoms, and accepting the inevitable (without putting up a fight). Those who embrace fatalism believe that bad events cannot be avoided…and they are powerless to change the future. Yet, ‘when life gives you lemons, make lemonade’ – Dale Carnegie.

In retrospect, the various schools present a conundrum that could lead the enquirer to the warm embrace of atheism.

Perhaps it would suffice to hearken to the wise counselling of the Holy Prophet (SAW) that man should not dabble into concepts which are the exclusive preserve of Allah. Providence is a secret of Allah and “going too deeply into it philosophically” will lead to “misguidance.”

When people adhere to apocalyptic prophecies, they usually do so because they believe in predestiny.

But does predestiny really exist? For the sake of argument, let us assume that it does: at any given moment in the present, there is a future already created that is as solid and as real as any moment in the past or present. Perhaps time is not as linear as we have believed. If such a future already exists, does that mean that it is inevitable and must occur? No.

The point being made is that the future is shaped largely by intention backed by action: the stronger the intention and the better it is backed up by action, the more solid the future will tend to be.

Some people would argue that the true seer would foresee the future and predict our destiny. Prophecy has really only one value: as a tool to either change or ensure the future. The future is therefore malleable. A future reality, no matter how solid it is or how many prophets have agreed to its existence, can be changed.

It will be irreversible only if people continue to perform, or fail to perform, those actions which will cause that future to come about, and no one does anything effective enough to counter those actions or inactions.

This is exactly where we find ourselves today. Complacency and imperviousness to change which erroneously has been termed resilience; but truly, our ‘Mumu’ never end.  The day it ends we will chart a new destiny for ourselves and our children.

Let the oppressed, pauperized, and impoverished gather their acts and struggle to remove the shackles of socio-economic impoverishment they have been subjected to over the ages. It is time to set the captives free. Poverty, destitution is not our destiny, we should resolve to shape the future.

Barka Juma’at and a happy weekend.

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Friday Sermon: Israel’s Unforced Error in the Destruction of Gaza

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By Babatunde Jose

One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you. (Joshua 23:10) “And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword.” (Joshua 6:21).

This is the scenario being played out in Gaza but being denied by the Israeli high command. It is purely genocide by no other name.

In the days of old in Apesin village, a thief was tied to the stake early in the morning and people going to the market all saw him and abused him with hisses and condemnatory remarks. On their return in the evening, they were astounded to still meet the thief tied to the stake. To them it has become overkill. They started raising questions: What did he steal? Is it not ‘common’ goat? Must he be killed because he stole…….? This narrative exemplifies the current public opinion on the Gaza issue. In short, the punishment is seen as very disproportionate to the crime.

The central slogan of the war in Gaza is ‘Together we will win!’, to which the governing Israeli right automatically adds ‘with God’s help’, giving the conflict with Hamas a religious dimension.

At a press conference in Tel Aviv on 28 October 2023, and in a letter of 3 November to IDF soldiers that praised their ‘fight against the murderers of Hamas’, Binyamin Netanyahu quoted from the book of Deuteronomy (25:17): Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when ye were come forth out of Egypt; how he met thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of thee, even all that were feeble behind thee, when thou wast faint and weary; and he feared not God. Therefore, it shall be, when the LORD thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget it.

Although such language aims to give the conflict a religious gloss, it predates the reaction to the Hamas atrocities of 7th October. The Israeli authorities have used this sort of rhetoric for several years, albeit less overtly.

Testimony from an officer of the Golani infantry brigade published by Breaking the Silence, an organization of veteran soldiers opposed to the occupation of Palestinian territories, exemplifies this: during Operation Cast Lead in 2008-09, the IDF’s chief rabbi Avichai Rontzki urged the soldiers of ‘God’s army’ to show no mercy towards the enemy, invoking the wars of conquest in Canaan, the Promised Land.

And in 2014, during Operation Protective Edge in Gaza, General Ofer Winter, commander of the Givati infantry brigade, wrote in an official dispatch, ‘History has chosen us to spearhead the fighting against the terrorist Gazan enemy which abuses, blasphemes, and curses the God of Israel’s [defense] forces.

In 2003, Matti Steinberg an expert on Palestinian issues was summarily dismissed because he had gone against government policy by criticizing Prime Minister Ariel Sharon’s outright rejection of the peace initiative that Saudi Arabia put forward at the March 2002 Arab League summit in Beirut. This plan, which remains the Arab League’s official position, offered normalization of relations between Israel and its Arab neighbors in exchange for Israel’s complete withdrawal from the Palestinian territories it occupied in June 1967.

In addition, Steinberg had questioned the targeted killings of Palestinian leaders; but above all he felt the government was putting the country’s future at risk by looking at the Palestinian question merely in terms of security. In his view, only the creation of an independent Palestine would allow Israel to remain both a Jewish and democratic state. Now a respected academic, Steinberg has continued to voice his opinions over the last two decades.

The current aim of Israel is to freeze the diplomatic process, freeze the political process, and prevent the establishment of a Palestinian state and also prevent a discussion on the subject of refugees, return of the same to their former abode and talks on borders. However, with the current acts of genocide and wanton wholesale destruction of Gaza, the whole strategy has become an unforced error.

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken warned Israel not to reoccupy Gaza, to refrain from a major Rafah operation, and to finalize a day-after plan for the enclave; he spoke to reporters during his visit to Kyiv. “When it comes to the future of Gaza, we do not support and will not support an Israeli reoccupation,” Blinken said, but this is exactly the game plan of Netanyahu.

It would be clear that Israel does not have a day-after plan, a step that had only prolonged the military conflict in the enclave. The open secret is that Israel wants to seize the Palestinian land and annex it.

The world should ensure that Israel will not establish civilian control over the Gaza strip, nor establish military governance in Gaza. And if they are not disposed to Hamas rule in Gaza, a governing alternative to Hamas in Gaza should be raised immediately. Afterall Hamas is an Israeli creation used to supplant Fatah.

In an interview with CNBC, Netanyahu stressed that once the war is over, Gaza should be governed by a “non-Hamas civilian administration,” but the IDF would retain military responsibility. What exactly is the meaning of that?

It is not possible to put in place a local alternative to Gaza, as long as Hamas remains there, he said. Therefore, millions of Gazans should be displaced, and thousands killed, particularly children and women, in order to flush out the 4 battalion Hamas troops in the Gaza Strip. How many months will it take to achieve this? Unfortunately for the Israelis, every Gazan is Hamas, even the children who are currently the victims of the genocide. The situation in the last eight months has swayed opinion against Israel.

In his interview with CNBC, Netanyahu stressed in particular his position on Palestinian statehood, which, coming in the aftermath of the Hamas invasion of Israel on October 7, he said would be a reward to terror.

The US has said it wants Israel to promise to leave Gaza once the war is over and support Palestinian statehood. The “two-state solution that people are talking about, basically would be the greatest reward for the terrorist that you can imagine,” Netanyahu said.

“It would be a state that would be immediately taken over by Hamas and Iran. And it wouldn’t advance the purposes of peace. It would just be a launching ground for a future war against Israel,” he said.

As the matter stands therefore, Israel is against Palestinian statehood and the United States knows that. All the shuttle diplomacy and long talks about the war in Gaza are mere transparent sham and the ruse of Two-State solution an opaque sham. It is therefore left to the Arab neighbors to gird their loins and find a lasting solution to the 75-year-old Palestinian question.

A two-state solution on the formula of the partition of India in 1947 that led to the creation of West and East Pakistan, might be a feasible solution. Hence, we would have West Palestine in present Gaza and East Palestine comprising present West Bank.

The question also arises, who will rebuild the Gaza Strip? The United Nations must step into the matter to make the State of Israel pay reparations that would help pay for the rebuilding of the infrastructure it destroyed in Gaza, just as Germany was made to pay after the First World War. Israel must not escape paying reparations for the present orgy of destruction in Gaza.

Egypt says it will formally join the case filed by South Africa against Israel at the International Court of Justice (ICJ), which accuses Israel of violating its obligations under the Genocide Convention in its war on the Gaza Strip.

The Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said last Sunday that Cairo intended to join the case due to escalating Israeli aggression against Palestinian civilians.

Egypt will join Turkey and Colombia in formally requesting to join the case against Israel. This month, Turkey said it would seek to join the case after Colombia asked the ICJ last month to allow it to join to ensure “the safety and, indeed, the very existence of the Palestinian people”.

Egypt said it is calling on Israel “to comply with its obligations as the occupying power and to implement the provisional measures issued by the ICJ, which require ensuring access to humanitarian and relief aid in a manner that meets the needs of Palestinians in the Gaza Strip”.

It also demands that Israeli forces do not commit any violations against the Palestinian people. This is exactly the demand made by the American President when he threatened to stop further arms shipment to Israel.

Egypt is the cornerstone of Israel’s standing in the Middle East. The connections that Israel has in the Middle East and North Africa today, including with Jordan, the UAE and Morocco, are all “a result of what Egypt did 40 years ago”, referring to the 1979 peace treaty between the two countries.

“With Egypt joining South Africa now in The Hague, it’s a real diplomatic punch. Israel would have to take it very seriously.

Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu said the Rafah offensive was needed to defeat Hamas. However, it is now 8 months the genocide started, and it has not defeated Hamas. It is clear, Israel is not after Hamas but the Palestinian territory of Gaza. Will the world allow that to happen? Videbimus.

It is said that ‘Malu ti’o niru. . .. . a cow that has no tail. . ..’ . A word is enough.

All is not lost, it shall be well with Palestine, In Sha Allah.

Subhana Rabbika Rabbil ‘izzati ‘amma yasifun, Wa salamun ‘alal-Mursalin, Wal hamdu lillahi Rabbil ‘alamin: Thy Lord is Holy and clear of all that is alleged against Him (by the non-believers); and He is Exalted.

Barka Juma’at and a happy weekend.

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Friday Sermon: Reflections on Death and Reminiscences: We Are Not Many Left

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By Babatunde Jose

“Sorrow is part of the earth’s great cycles, flowing into the night like cool air sinking down a river course.

To feel sorry is to float on the pulse of the heart, the surge from living to dying, from coming to being to ceasing to exist. Maybe this is why the earth has the power over time to wash sorrow into a deeper pool, cold and shadowed. And maybe this is why, even though sorrow never disappears, it can make a deeper connection to the currents of life and so connect somehow, to sources of wonder and solace.” – Kathleen Dean Moore

Reflecting on the inevitability of our death can help us snap out of the trance of taking the beauty and wonder of life and the universe for granted. It’s easy to put our heads down and focus on what’s in front of us, but memento mori can help us tune back into the astonishing beauty and majesty of life.

Death brings suffering to the body, the heart, and the mind. Therefore, the progressing loss of a loved one brings sadness, often despair and a deep pain which we wish to acknowledge for all who have loved another.

Death teaches us about the finiteness of life and time, and that the longer we continue to hold onto our past, the longer we continue to be burdened by things that will soon hold no value for us.

Death at root is a separation. In humans, it’s what happens when the physical body and the immaterial part of us (called the spirit or soul) separate. As James 2:26 puts it, “The body without the spirit is dead.” When people we love die, the rest of us feel separation too.

“When someone you love becomes a memory, the memory becomes a treasure.”

The Book of Maccabees says that it’s a healthy thing to pray for the dead and that, every so often, it’s healthy too to think about death, both by remembering those who have died and by contemplating the reality and certainty of our own deaths.

It was late Bob Marley who said ‘Good friends we have, oh, good friends we’ve lost, Along the way. In this great future, you can’t forget your past; So dry your tears, I say,  ..No, woman, no cry.

And indeed, there were good friends we had and good friends we lost, along the way in this journey called life. Reminiscing over these losses brings sweet and sad memories.

Among those good friends were Sikiru Akinpelu who died shortly after I returned from Port Harcourt, in the late seventies; Yemi Bakare a very good friend, (gone but not forgotten). And Isiaka Allison (Soku) with whom we rocked not only in Lagos but later in Manchester and then back to Lagos till he died shortly after his 70th birthday.

Professor Lateef Hussein and I were in UI and later in Manchester. He lived not far from my house in Charlton-Cum-Hardy, and we shared many evenings together. That friendship was continued when we both came back home, and he later became VC LASU. A gifted Quranic scholar and very jovial fellow, the Prof was an Abibu Oluwa fan till the end. We still miss him. May Allah grant them all, Jannatul Firdous.

In the university days, many friends were made in Great Ife courtesy of my frequent visits to my bosom friend DelFaj.  It was at Ife I met Onome Ibru whose death in an accident on the Lagos Ibadan Road brough untold grief and sadness to us.

Another friend at Ife was Doyin Akinyosotu (Tenko Lash, Aladan) who later became Chairman of the Ifesowapo local government at Ile Oluji, in Ondo State. He later died of cirrhosis of the liver.

Another Ife friend was the unbreakable Akin Fashakin, who passed away under mysterious circumstances in Lagos about 30 years ago. I used to enjoy his company during my many visits to Kano where he lived. But all that is now in the realm of reminiscences.

How can I forget Bob, (Ade Bombers), my friend, partner in crime and In-Law, Ade Owolade? From Ibadan to Swaziland and South Africa. The Hugh Masekela DVD (Time) he gave me is still much cherished. Ade died in a Pretoria hospital in 2005. May his soul continue to rest in peace. He was not only my in-law but ‘my cousin’, which was how we introduced ourselves to others.

Another good friend we had and lost was indomitable Dele Adeola, a very sociable and dependable friend. I remember the New Year parties in his place, our occasional lunch and travels to Ondo, Dubai, and many other places.

In that same group were Joe Alagbe, former Provost Marshal of the Air Force, Air Marshal Ibrahim Alfa and lately AVM Atto, who at a time succeeded Alagbe as Provost Marshal. All gentlemen officers. The Allen Avenue days will forever remain fresh. There was also our very own, Popo Akinyanju, a gentleman per excellence.

This reminiscences are by no means exhaustive. In the London scene were Ademola Elegbege, his wife Joko and then Dotun Animashaun (Ani Bongolo), Wasiu Elegbege (Ejo), Demola Bamgbala, Uncle Femi Ajasa in whose place late Yemisi, my life-long friend and companion, stayed on Blackstock Road N4, by the old Arsenal Stadium and his friend Mr. Ojobara (Mr. Baro). May their souls rest in peace. Lest we forget, Peju Odunsi of Chelmsford (Sister Donohue). Those were the good days.

Recently we lost Mustapha Abiodun Bashua, Wasiu Masha, Tunde Goodluck (Goodie), all of Ahmadiyya, Eleyele, Ibadan. Olu Dada and Damola Oluwole and before them Segun Adebo, Mexico, Tunde Alabi (Banana), Sola Odunubi, and of course, Toyin Ojibara.

Modele Williams, our very own ‘Emperor Modus’. Senator Muniru Muse, my friend, and prayers partner, every Juma’at for many years. And my inimitable Veronica Chaka, an Amazon, secretary, and convenor of our monthly Bosnia nights.

Demola and Tunde Fagbayi (Engine); unforgettable boat rides to Ilashe, Tarkwa, and the skiing, fishing, and overnight escapades at Tarkwa Bay. In this, we must not forget Segun Adesanya, my paddy man of blessed memory. And later his brother Femi.

In UI: Never to be forgotten Tunji Alamutu, my mentor; Tunji Awobadejo; my roommate, brother and friend, John Azukaego Jideonwo; Tunde Oloyede, Sir Tune. Soji Osoyintuyi, Rufai Ibrahim, all ‘Great Independents’ and our PRO, Yakubu Abdul-Azeez. Another classmate we lost was Professor Shina Sambo (Sambele).

My lecturer and friend who was instrumental in my going to Manchester, Dr Ajibola, ‘People’s Ajibs’. Unfortunately, he had died in an accident by the time I returned from Manchester. May his fiery soul rest in peace.

Lest we forget Tunde Adeyemi of Temples and Golders, late of Itamogiri, Ijebu-Mushin.

And of course, my cousin, Captain Tunde Ashafa. Definitely, not many of us are left.

We need to reflect and take good care of what is left, so that we may not be in loss. The Quran said, Wal‘aṣr, ’innal ’insāna lafī khusr(in) , ’il-la l-lzīna ’āmanū wa‘amilu ṣ-ṣāliḥāti watawāṣaw bilḥaq-qi watawāṣaw biṣ-ṣabr: 1. By (the Token of) Time (through the Ages), 2. Verily Man is in loss, 3. Except such as have Faith, And do righteous deeds, And (join together) In the mutual teaching Of Truth, and of Patience and Constancy. (Quran 103)

Our being is bound by time from birth to death. Reflect on death, remind yourself that you have a limited (even shorter than you think) time on this planet.

Philosophy itself is, in fact, a kind of “training for dying”, a purification of the philosopher’s soul from its bodily attachment. Thus, Socrates concludes, it would be unreasonable for a philosopher to fear death, since upon dying he is most likely to obtain the wisdom which he has been seeking his whole life.

According to an even more extreme view, life is made more meaningful by the recognition that it will end with death. According to this view, we gain a deeper appreciation for the common satisfactions of our everyday experience when we fully realize that someday we will die and will then have nothing at all.

In a sense, death is the ultimate purveyor of perspective. It helps us see trivial things for what they are—and face up to the fact that much of what we worry about and consume ourselves with isn’t so important after all. Reflecting on death can help us stop fretting about things that are outside our control.

Death is repeatedly compared with sleep, which is at times described as “the little death.” It is Allah that takes the souls (of men) at death; and those that die not (He takes) during their sleep: Those on whom He has passed the decree of death, He keeps back (from returning to life), but the rest He sends (to their bodies) for a term appointed. Verily in this are Signs for those who reflect. (Quran 39:42).

Death can come any minute; as a Muslim, live every moment in your life as if it’s the last, live with faith, hope, preparation, and bear in mind that there is no time for later.

Pray as if it’s your last time, read Qur’an as if it’s your last time reading it, worship your Lord as if it’s your last chance, cause one day, most certainly, it will be your last day!

Honest prayer can help us walk that tightrope and honest prayer is what we do when we can bring ourselves naked before God, unprotected by what we do, by what we own, by what we have achieved, and by anything else we have to fend off loneliness, fear, and death. In honest prayer we can be deep without being morbid.

We will conclude this sermon with late Abibu Oluwa’s admonition: Oku s’adua f’araiye, araiye s’adua r’ero orun. K’aye o yewa, k’orun o yewon; aw ana ‘nbo wa d’abi awon. Translate?

Barka Juma’at and a happy weekend.

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Friday Sermon: Sickle Cell Anaemia: A Revisit

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By Babatunde Jose

Nobody knows the trouble I’ve seen; Nobody knows my sorrow; Nobody knows the trouble I’ve seen; Glory, Hallelujah –  Song by Louis Armstrong

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen. Healthy red blood cells are round, and they move through small blood vessels to carry oxygen to all parts of the body. In someone who has SCD, the hemoglobin is abnormal, which causes the red blood cells to become hard and sticky and look like a C-shaped farm tool called a “sickle.” The sickle cells die early, which causes a constant shortage of red blood cells. Also, when they travel through small blood vessels, they get stuck and clog the blood flow. This can cause pain and other serious complications (health problems) such as infection, acute chest syndrome and stroke.

People with sickle cell disease start to have signs of the disease during the first few months of life, usually around 5 months of age. …And that is when the nightmare starts for parents. Particularly those that have no idea of genotype or blood related disease.

It’s a most harrowing experience, even for knowledgeable parents as they are helpless.  Parents can only empathize but cannot feel the excruciating pain of the patient. In the infant stage of the affliction, parents keep sleepless nights depending on the frequency of the crisis. Crying, wailing, and weeping rent the air all night and they eventually end up in the emergency department of the hospital, where they ultimately become familiar faces.

Yet, that is the beginning of their life challenge as SCD is a disease that worsens over time. No two cases are the same in terms of severity; though, treatments are available that can prevent complications and lengthen the lives of those who have this condition; their life usually hangs on the will of God. Sometimes a simple crisis might not only be life threatening but life taking. My daughter and an unknown lady were both on admission, same evening at Redington hospital for the same Vaso-occlusive crisis. The lady dropped dead in the morning just as they were about to be discharged.

Sickle cell disease is a lifelong illness. A bone marrow transplant is currently the only cure for sickle cell disease. Gene therapy is also being explored as another potential cure.

As a result, treatment for sickle cell anemia is usually aimed at avoiding crises, relieving symptoms, and preventing complications. People with sickle cell disease face many challenges, including severe pain episodes, stroke, and organ damage, including adverse side effects of drugs, like hydroxyurea.

The drug Hydroxyurea, when taken daily reduces the frequency of painful crises and might reduce the need for blood transfusions and hospitalizations.

Hydroxyurea, however, exposes the patient to increased infection as it lowers the number of white blood cells in the blood. It can also lower the number of platelets which are necessary for proper blood clotting. And there is some concern that long-term use of this drug might cause problems later in life for people who take it for many years.

According to Mayo Clinic there are certain precautions you can take, especially when the blood count is low, to reduce the risk of infection or bleeding:

·        Avoid people with infections. Check with your doctor immediately if you think you are getting an infection or if you get a fever or chills, cough or hoarseness, lower back, or side pain, or painful or difficult urination.

·        Check with your doctor immediately if you notice any unusual bleeding or bruising, black, tarry stools, blood in the urine or stools, or pinpoint red spots on your skin.

·        Be careful when using a regular toothbrush, dental floss, or toothpick. Your medical doctor, dentist, or nurse may recommend other ways to clean your teeth and gums. Check with your medical doctor before having any dental work done.

·        Do not touch your eyes or the inside of your nose unless you have just washed your hands and have not touched anything else in the meantime.

·        Be careful not to cut yourself when you are using sharp objects such as a safety razor or fingernail or toenail cutters.

·        Avoid contact-sports or other situations where bruising or injury could occur.

“Using this medicine for a long time may increase your risk of developing leukemia (cancer of the blood) or skin cancer.

“While you are being treated with hydroxyurea, do not have any immunizations (vaccinations) without your doctor’s approval. Live virus vaccinations (eg, nasal flu virus vaccine) should not be given while you are using hydroxyurea.

“This medicine may increase your risk of having lung or breathing problems (e.g., interstitial lung disease). Check with your doctor right away if you develop a fever, cough, or trouble breathing while using this medicine.

“The results of some tests (e.g., continuous glucose monitor) may be affected by this medicine.

“Talk with your doctor before using this medicine if you plan to have children. Some men who use this medicine have become infertile.

“Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

“Using a special ultrasound machine (transcranial), doctors can learn which children have a higher risk of stroke. This painless test can be used on children as young as 2 years. Regular blood transfusions can decrease stroke risk.

“Childhood vaccinations are important for preventing disease in all children. They’re even more important for children with sickle cell anemia because their infections can be severe.” These are some of the directives of Mayo Clinic on use of Hydroxyuear.

Blood transfusions carry some risk, including infection and excess iron build-up in the body. Because excess iron can damage the heart, liver and other organs, people who undergo regular transfusions might need treatment to reduce iron levels.

The two gene therapy treatments for sickle cell disease recently approved by the FDA in the US, called Casgevy and Lyfgenia, cost $2.2 million and $3.1 million per patient, respectively. Definitely beyond the reach of the average sufferer.

Sickle cell anemia can make life more difficult, particularly for a child, who will need to deal with delayed sexual maturity and stunted growth. You will need to avoid things that can cause a crisis, such as certain medication that restricts blood vessels, high altitudes, and strenuous exercise.

As people with sickle cell anemia grow older, they may develop different and more serious medical problems that happen when organ tissues don’t receive enough oxygen. People with sickle cell anemia are at increased risk for stroke and lung, kidney, spleen, and liver damage.

The leading causes of death in sickle cell diseases are infection, pain episodes, acute chest syndrome and stroke. Death can be sudden and unexpected in sickle cell anemia. Vaso-occlusive crisis is one of the commonest presentations and a leading cause of death.

The pain of a Sickler child is the agony of parents who are helplessly left to witness their child writhing in pain during a crisis, spending endless hours with them in the hospital during frequent bouts of admission and sometimes having the ill-luck of watching them die.

The pain of having a Sickler is well known and cannot be overemphasized. It is this threshold of unbearable bouts of pain that made my daughter to pen the following preamble to the NGO she is currently setting up: THE CRESCENT INITIATIVE for Sickle Cell, to empower those living with Sickle Cell Anemia:

“Two years ago, I sat down on the floor in my bathroom crying and thinking about the quickest method to end my life. I had had a painful episode that went on for several days and I was feeling hopeless.

“My pain score felt like 100/10 and my body felt like I had been hit by a bus. The pain got so bad that I could feel it in my fingers, and I could feel the floor under my feet. Due to the severity of my pain and my low blood level, I had to have a blood exchange.  Managing the pain was too much for me and it ate away my faith, my confidence, and my will to keep on surviving.  I was tired, my life seemed hopeless, and it was unfair that this kept happening to me.

“I cried for several hours recalling all I had gone through…several needle pricks just so that they could find a vein; my foggy memory, a side effect of the medications; and my long absence from work which had started to become “an inconvenience” to my manager and a sign that I might be losing my job.

“It was too much….it was unfair…. I did not want to be here anymore. I cried for several hours and decided to call my therapist whom I had just started seeing.

“Just hearing his voice made me break down again and in between sobs, I explained what I was feeling. He calmed me, listened to what I was going through and tested me for depression which the test confirmed.  Since then, I’ve been taking antidepressants and seeing a therapist regularly.

“During my sessions, I began to notice an improvement in how I felt and discovered that some of the issues I thought were unique to me were actually common for individuals with sickle cell. For example, I became aware that my emotions and stress levels could trigger my pain episodes, which, coupled with anxiety, attacks became more frequent.

“Learning coping strategies and positive affirmations helped me find balance. Through opening up to my therapist and later my hematologist, I realized that many individuals with sickle cell disease could and should benefit from mental health therapy, though it is often not included in their treatment plans.

 “Therapy was transformative for me, and I knew other warriors would also benefit. After thorough research and consultations with healthcare professionals, I decided to establish The Crescent Initiative for Sickle Cell.”

Fortunately, in everything, we always have cause to thank God. (Quran 16:53) and also (Quran 16:78)

We thank Almighty Allah for preserving the life of our daughter Asia Atinuke Jose (AJ) as she clocks 45 next week, May 8 and still counting, In Sha Allah.

Allah has found it pleasant to preserve her despite the Sickle Cell challenges. We also pray for other afflicted souls. May it please Allah to make it easy for them. For all those who have walked this path with us this far, I say a very big thank you.

Barka Juma’at and a happy weekend.

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