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Kwibuka 29: NAR Holds 12th National Youth Conference



By Dolapo Aina

For the past 12 years, Never Again Rwanda has been organising the national youth conference on the commemoration of the 1994 Genocide Against The Tutsi and 2023 was no different.

NAR is a Rwandan peacebuilding and social justice non-governmental organisation that was established in 2002 in response to the 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi. The organisation aims to empower citizens of diverse backgrounds from Rwanda and the Great Lakes region with opportunities to become active citizens for a peaceful society.

The 12th National youth conference on the commemoration of the 1994 Genocide Against The Tutsi with the theme: Strategies to combat Genocide ideology in Rwanda and the Great Lakes region, took place at the amphitheatre situated at the Kigali Genocide Memorial in Gisonzi. The gathering was unique for several reasons; one of which was that majority of the attendees and those in the audience were young people from within and outside Kigali.

The 12th edition commenced with a visit to the memorial, paying tributes to the victims and laying flowers on the graves. Back at the amphitheatre, the objectives of the conference and agenda were previewed and a minute of silence followed. The executive director of Never Again Rwanda, Dr. Joseph Ryarasa Nkurunziza commenced proceedings thus, “Today, I speak with much humility as I pay tribute to the more than 250,000 victims of the genocide against the Tutsi who have found their final resting place here at this Kigali Genocide Memorial and all those in multiple memorial sites across the country who have been subject to the commission of the most heinous of crimes, genocide, and whose memory we have an obligation to preserve. Throughout history, there have been countless examples of genocide ideology and its horrific consequences. From the genocide of indigenous peoples in the Americas, to the Holocaust and systematic torture and murder of six million Jews, and finally our own history which led to the loss of more than one million lives.”

Dr. Joseph Ryarasa Nkurunziza continued, “For almost three decades, Rwanda continues to inspire the rest of the world, having shown what’s possible if we work vigorously to address the root causes that undermine social cohesion and create conditions for hatred and intolerance. And today, this event gives us the opportunity to reaffirm NAR’s dedication to the peacebuilding and development efforts of this remarkable country. I say this knowing that these days it is not possible to look at any type of social media platform and sometimes news platform without confirming the fact of people continuing to perpetrate atrocities, discrimination, hate speech globally. This is why the commemoration is so important as not only must we remember the 1994 Genocide Against The Tutsi, but we must also draw lessons for the present and future and continuously express commitment to prevent them from happening in future.”

Furthermore, Dr. Nkurunziza said, “In the recent years, given the rise of and easy accessibility to social media, there has been constant bombardment of violent images, texts and audios which have picked up traction through social media and non-traditional media. The sheer speed of circulation of this content and the practice of sharing extreme views by social media users, have led to exacerbating tensions and polarizing people’s opinions on current issues in our region. YouTube, Twitter, Facebook, among many others have become spaces for genocide deniers to spew their hate and propagate genocide ideology.”

He reminded the audience that, “Denial or distorting the facts of the genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda is an extreme form of hate speech that could itself constitute preparation for another genocide. Let us not forget that these revisionists and deniers are often diverting attention with these claims from their own responsibility in these crimes and that many perpetrators of these genocides including those who planned, ordered, and committed them, remain at large even as their victims and survivors wait for justice. As the next generation of leaders and decision-makers, the youth have the power to shape attitudes and beliefs about other groups of people and to promote a culture of peace, respect, prosperity and reconciliation. In the context of our region, we should be mindful as we cannot prosper alone if our neighbours are at war. History has proven us that cross border hate exists, and we should be careful in how we address it. So what can we, and especially the youth, do to combat genocide ideology and hate speech in Rwanda and the region?

“First, we must recognize the existence of genocide ideology and speak out against it whenever we encounter it. As youth, you have the power in your hands to actively challenge dehumanizing rhetoric and hold those who promote it accountable for their actions. Educate yourselves on the history of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi and the factors that contributed to its occurrence and raise awareness about the impact of genocide and hate speech on individuals and communities,” said Dr. Joseph Ryarasa Nkurunziza.
The Never Again Rwanda director, further buttressed his speech, “Additionally, you should use your voices and platforms to speak out against hate speech and discriminatory attitudes. Take opportunities to challenge harmful stereotypes and promote more positive messages and values. Use your voice to advocate for peace, promote policies and practices that promote peace and prevent genocide. Work alongside the government, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders to promote human rights and social justice. Preventing genocide requires our constant engagement and vigilance. To the victims and survivors, I have this to say to you. We are here. We continue to do everything possible to ensure the world does not forget the crime of genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, we support peace and reconciliation initiatives.”

Ms. Martina Fors Mohlin who is the head of development cooperation at the embassy of Sweden in Rwanda gave a summary of the 1994 Genocide Against The Tutsi. According to her: “I am a relatively newcomer to Rwanda and I have witnessed how Rwanda tries to remember, unite and renew. Remarkable how the Government of Rwanda and civil agencies have been able to work together to keep the stories alive.”

Speaking to the youth, the representative from the embassy of Sweden further posited that: ”The labours of the parents of young people is remarkable and it is up to the young people to carry on the torch. To be aware of how easy ideologies can take control of anyone.” She continued; “The best way to honour the victims, is to make a collective pledge to always say no to ethnic hatred and ethnic cleansing. Engage with one another, ask questions, ask questions to your leaders, think innovatively, think outside the box.”

Ms. Mohlin stated that the participants should remember the role of the media in Rwanda leading up to the 1994 Genocide against The Tutsi. She said; “Let us remember the role of the receivers (the listeners) of the media: did they have the enlightenment and tool to question what they were been fed?”

She also talked about the positive and negative roles of social media in today’s world and concluded that, “We need to ensure young people are critical thinkers and are able to question norms online and in public.”

A documentary on the effects of the 1994 Genocide on the youth, the youth who survived and what must be done to stop the spread of Genocide ideologies amongst the young generation on all media platforms was aired for those in attendance. One of the those featured in the documentary summarised the documentary with a poignant statement; “We should all try to see ourselves as one Rwanda.”
A Ted Talk-like presentation was anchored by Tristan Murenzi who is the founder of Rwanda We Want and Christian Intwari who is the founder of Our Past; where they talked about their initiatives and how their initiatives are impacting their immediate society and spheres of influence.

The panel discussion comprising Dr. Aggee Shyaka Mugabe (Academician and Acting Director of the Centre for Conflict Management); Mr. Bahati Hakizimana Bosco; Dr. Madeleine Ndegeya Kazindu; (medical doctor and human rights activist) and Mrs. Assumpta Mugiraneza (socio-psychologist and director of Iriba Center for multimedia heritage), all discussed and analysed on the theme: Strategies to combat Genocide ideology in Rwanda and the Great Lakes region.

Mrs Assumpta Mugiraneza: talked about how youth can and should use social media to counter genocide ideologies by using facts to counter denials and not to engage in abusive spats but to counter ideologists with facts and figures. Also, she talked about the responsibility of the other generation to guide the younger generation in/on the right path with historical oral and written documentation on how to counter falsehoods by genocide ideologists.
Mr. Bahati Hakizimana Bosco (a businessman who fled Congo and returned to Rwanda in 2011) talked about his experience of how parents consciously or unconsciously transmute hate and genocidal ideologies to their children. In a nutshell, until he came back to Rwanda (as he left with his family at a tender age in 1994), he was brainwashed by what his family members fed him with as a youngster. He talked about what he saw and experienced; like the lawlessness of the FDLR, how his siblings were part of the FDLR (as some trained youngsters to become militia), the militia trained young people and making them believe they were fighting for a good cause by training to fight the Government in Rwanda. The brainwashing of the young people; that to get a better life, they had to fight the government in Rwanda.

Mr Bosco gave an example and paraphrasing him; “When the top officials of the FDLR were captured, a majority of the young people who were under their tutelage were disoriented and confused. And a lot of them didn’t know what to do with their lives. I began to listen to the state radio station in Rwanda and when I began to hear of the Government’s programmes for the citizens via radio jingles, I began to see a different Rwanda from what myself and other youngsters had been fed in the camps in Congo.” He returned home but a lot of people he knows cannot return to Rwanda because of the fact that no one has been able to guide them and educate them (unlearn and relearn) about the decades-hold brainwashing of the FDLR.

A woman in the audience buttressed what Mr. Bosco stated by giving her testimony of how her parents had a hand in some atrocities during the 1994 Genocide Against The Tutsi and they fled to Congo. They lived in the camps that had FDLR and the genocide ideology campaign was widespread. Those who wanted to return were dissuaded by the repeated comments and opinions of “Rwanda wasn’t safe for all and that they would be arrested and not seen anymore.” She and her siblings decided to return in 1997 and when they did, they began their new life. She stated that their school fess from high school to tertiary level were paid for by the Government of Rwanda. She also stated that if she and her siblings had not returned, they would probably be in one of the large forests in Congo controlled by the FDLR.

Another man in the audience buttressed the fact earlier stated of parents who try to cover up the truth or engage in genocide ideology. He stated that young people must be equipped with the appropriate storytelling techniques and armed with the right historical facts and contexts to counter and dissuade such approaches from elders and parents.
Another young female participant stated by observing that in secondary schools, most of the history teachers are non-Rwandans (teachers from Uganda, Kenya etc) and when it comes to topics relating to Rwanda and the 1994 Genocide Against The Tutsi, their knowledge is very limited. She suggested that the Government of Rwanda should have Rwandan teachers for history classes.
In conclusion, Dr. Aggee stated that critical thinking, peace building and genocide prevention which are usually taught to elderly people (who already have a formed mindset) should be introduced to youth clubs in primary and high schools, since these young ones’ minds are not yet fully formed. Theis way, they are more equipped to present and state historical facts the way they are. Also, they would be in a better position to counter genocide ideologies.

Dr. Madeliene concluded by highlighting transgenerational trauma which she said, acknowledging it is the first step to healing. She also stated that genocide ideology which is still in existence took decades to form and actualise, therefore, Rwandans should be steadfast in countering such ideologies with historical facts realising that it is not a sprint but a marathon.

Mr. Bosco concluded by highlighting the fact that the participants should not forget that Genocide ideology cannot and should not only be countered in Rwanda but also outside the shores of the country, as there are those who still are neck-deep in the doctrine of Genocide ideology. He also stated there has to be a personal and inner soul reflection to believe that all people from Rwanda are Rwandans and not viewed from any other perspective or prism.
Mrs Assumpta concluded by stating that the Genocide ideology took decades to be part of the ideologists’ thinking, so it would take a long time to eradicate Genocide ideologies but Rwandans have to be patient and keep on denouncing such thinking. for it would take several generations for such to be eradicated. She also stated that documentation and archiving are very important and should begin to be implemented and taught to young people from an early age.

Dolapo Aina writes from Kigali, Rwanda

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Silec Founder, Irakpo, Congratulates Tinubu, Charges President on Sustained Fight Against Drug Abuse




Founder/President, Silec Initiatives, Amb. Sunny Irakpo,  who also doubles as a youth and anti-drug advocate, has congratulaed President Bola Tinubu on assumption of office, charging him to give privileged attention to the fight against drug abuse.

Irapko, who is also a  U.S Government Sponsored Exchange alumni, and certified by the United Nations on Drug Prevention and Care Sensitization, made the remarks via a statement he signed himself, and made available to The Boss, noting that the emergence of the All Progressives Congress (APC) flag bearer in the 2023 elections, is the herald of a new era.

The statement in full:

As the nation heralds the emergence of a president like your humble self, there is hope in the land to see the Nigeria of our dream surfaces. We join millions of people across the globe to heartily congratulate you on your successful inauguration as the new president to oversee the affairs of the nation with your deputy His Excellency, Kashim Shettima as the vice-president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

History was made once again on May 29th, 2023 when you were successfully sworn-in as the 16th democratically elected president of the most populous black nation on earth.

As a statesman and an indefatigable leader that fought for democracy since the military days, we are filled with hope that you will revamp critical sectors of the economy by providing the basic necessities of life for all Nigerians. As a firm believer of democratic values and an experienced administrator with track records of excellence, we humbly ask that you look at all sectors of the economy including the health sector and improve on the current state of our infrastructures.

As one of the leading Non Governmental Organizations in the fight against drug abuse and Illicit trafficking in the country, we are mostly concerned about the youths. We are looking forward to seeing your administration combat this enemy of our youths called drug abuse, just like your predecessor, former President Muhammadu Bahari did by throwing his fatherly weight behind the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) to launch the master plan to rescue the nation from the den of drugs and substance abuse.

As a lover of the youths, we want you to fight this menace that keep destroying many promising youths, causing serious damages to the nation even on the international space by proving to the whole world that your personality carries a different approach despite the many publications on your person on this subject matter.

Mr President Sir, I must confess to you that the rate at which youths of this great nation are engaging in drugs, if nothing is done to nip it at the bud, we will gradually lose our productive workforce and brilliant minds that could help reposition this nation for rapid development.

No parents will watch his/her ward die while living, the truth is Mr President Sir, many parents are watching their children dying as a result of drug abuse without finding help.

We are fully confident that your administration will prove your political detractors wrong with the many publications put at the public domain that a “Drug Baron” has taken over the affairs of the most populous black nation on earth to turn her economy to a narcotic jungle.

Mr President Sir, as a passionate anti-drug organization , we humbly ask that you prove them wrong by your open presidential declaration to fright drug abuse amongst the youths of Nigeria as you give top most priority to the vigorous war against drug abuse as launched by former President Muhammadu Bahari, under the leadership of Brdg. Gen. Buba Marwa (Retd), the Chairman/CEO of the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) whom through his gallant men and civil society groups such as ours, Silec Initiatives is driving the campaign against drugs and substance abuse in order to reduce illicit trafficking in the country.

Mr President Sir, just as we worked successfully with your predecessor through the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA), we are fully ready to continue the noble course with your administration in educating the Nigerian populace on the dangers of drug and substance abuse.

You remain a progressive father-figure who will never allow drugs to destroy his children neither allow drug barons and traffickers to have their way to kill our youths and destroy the heritage handed over to us all by our forefathers under your administration.

The NDLEA as the country anti narcotic agency needs all the funding, presidential backing, policy framework and consolidation on the national master plan in the fight against drug abuse and Illicit trafficking to combat the drug epidemic in the country.

On our part as a non governmental organization of international repute championing this campaign for over a decade, we understand the art and science of drug merchandise and the various experimentations presently taking place amongst the Nigerian youths.

No doubt we shall continue to play our pivotal roles as a critical stakeholder by the deployment of our expertise, working closely with the Federal Ministry of Health/Youths and the NDLEA and other critical stakeholders in the areas of research, education, talent discoveries, empowerment and sensitization as alternatives to drug abuse.

As a pragmatic organization, we understand the place of young people in national development which we believe that with your assumption into office , social reengineering and overhaul of the socio-economic sectors to create massive employment to millions of our youths currently jobless leading to consumption of drugs should be prioritized.

As a father, we also appeal to you to launch a reward system for hard working youths who over the years have shown resilience and total commitment to their endeavour and nation building. This reward system should come to youths in the streets, cities and villages across the country.

Mr President Sir, under your administration, let hard work pay for the youths to help restore many of our national values we have lost to the get-rich-quick syndrome by all means engulfing the Nigerian system.

As an harbinger of light on your administration’s ” _RENEWED_ _HOPE_ “, we want to go to the streets energize the creative minds of Nigerian youths to fight passionately and creatively in the course of seeing the Nigerian of our dreams. At SILEC Initiatives, we see all Nigerians as critical stakeholders in nation building. We believe that the fight against drugs should take a centre stage in your government, because we are currently losing promising Nigerian youths and even future industrialists like Aliko Dangote, Femi Otedola, Jim Ovia, Tony Elumelu, Mike Adenuga, Dele Momodu, John Momoh, Alibaba to drugs and substance abuse.

Mr President Sir, many of our youths are wasting away on a regular basis. Please, it will gladden our hearts to see you roll- out a policy framework to combat this cankerworm with the 10th National Assembly.

These negative realities are what we have been fighting against for years and we shall continue to play our continuous role in our capacity on the area of community sensitization, leadership training, peer-to-peer education, mental transformation, value re-orientation and empowerment programs.

We know that you have come as a father to all and to rewrite history that will allow generations unborn to know that President Bola Ahmed Tinubu was truly a president for all Nigerians.

Once again, we heartily convey our congratulations to you on your emergence as the 16th president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

We pray that God should grant you longer life with good health and wisdom to lead and not rule and the grace to select your cabinet to advance development so Nigeria can be ranked amongst the comity of developed nations of the world under your leadership.

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Glo Wins ‘Africa’s Beacon of ICT Excellence, Leadership Award’




Total telecommunications solutions provider, Globacom, has added another award to its kitty with the recent ‘Africa’s Beacon of ICT Excellence/Leadership Award’ awarded on Saturday in Lagos.

The 2023 Africa Beacon of ICT and Leadership Awards was held at the Oriental Hotels, Lagos and attracted the cream of the nation’s and continents’ telecom sector including the President of the Association of Telecommunication Companies of Nigeria (ATCON), Mr. Ikechukwu Nnamani, Director of Public Affairs, Nigeria Communication Commission, (NCC), Mr. Reuben Mouka, Regional Executive, (West Africa) at the Africa Data Centre (ADC), Dr. Krishman Ranganath and Digital Architect Manager and representative of Nigerian Technology Development Agency (NITDA), Falilat Jimoh.

In his remarks at the ceremony, Ken Nwogbo, Founder and CEO of Communication Week Media Limited, organisers of the BoICT Award, disclosed that Globacom won the award owing to  its outstanding contributions in the last twenty years, including the 3G and 4G technologies, Glo 1 submarine cable, in addition to its  unique products and services.

He added further that “The Beacon of ICT Award which was instituted to celebrate outstanding brands and the visions that birthed them has become one of the most prestigious annual awards in the nation’s ICT industry in the last 14 years”.

The organisers added that the award was also designed to celebrate individuals who have made sterling contributions in commerce and industry as well as government officials whose policies and programmes have had positive impacts on their jurisdictions.

The award was received on behalf of Globacom by the company’s representatives, Catherine Bomett, Director of Customer Care; Oladipo Olusanwo, Head of Gloworld Operation, and Obumneme Ikechebelu of Technical Department.

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Don’t Dare Nigerians, NLC Warns Tinubu over Fuel Subsidy Crisis




The Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC), on Tuesday, expressed displeasure over the pronouncement by President Bola Tinubu that the subsidy on petrol is gone, without consulting relevant stakeholders and putting in place adequate measures to cushion its effect on the citizens.

The NLC, through a statement by its President Comrade Joe Ajaero, noted with regret that a few hours after the pronouncement, some marketers shut down their filling stations, and immediately there was a price hike in some places.

While describing the action as insensitive, the NLC President said it has brought tears and sorrow to millions of Nigerians instead of the renewed hope, which the administration has promised.

He also said that Tinubu’s pronouncement has devalued the quality of the lives of Nigerians by over 300 per cent and counting.

The statement read: “We at the Nigeria Labour Congress are outraged by the pronouncement of President Bola Tinubu removing ‘fuel subsidy without due consultations with critical stakeholders or without putting in place palliative measures to cushion the harsh effects of the ‘subsidy removal’.

“Within hours of his pronouncement, the nation went into a tailspin due to a combination of service shutdowns and product price hikes, in some places representing over 300 per cent price adjustment.

“By his insensitive decision, President Tinubu on his inauguration day brought tears and sorrow to millions of Nigerians instead of hope. He equally devalued the quality of their lives by over 300 per cent and counting.

“It is no heroism to commit against the people this level of cruelty at any time, let alone on an inauguration day. If he is expecting a medal for taking this decision, he would certainly be disappointed to receive curses for the people of Nigeria consider this decision not only a slight but a big betrayal.

“On our part, we are staunchly opposed to this decision and are demanding and immediate withdrawal of this policy.”

NLC argued that the pronouncement has ripple effects on the economic well-being of the people

He said, “The implications of this decision are grave for our security and well-being.

“We wonder if President Tinubu gave a thought to why his predecessors in office refused to implement this highly injurious policy decision.

“We also wonder if he also forgot the words he penned down on January 8, 2012, but issued on January 11, 2012.

“We have chosen to reproduce substantial parts of the statement for the benefit of those who did not have the opportunity of reading it then.
“As Nigerians gathered with family and friends to celebrate the New Year, the federal government was baking a national cake wrapped in the scheme that would instantly make the New Year a bitter one.

“Barely had the public weaned itself from last year when government dropped a historic surprise on an unsuspecting nation. PPPRA issued a statement abolishing the fuel subsidy. By this sly piece of paper, the federal government breached the social contract with the people.

“This government….has turned its back on the collective will. By bureaucratic fiat, government made the most fateful economic decision any administration has made since the inception of the Fourth Republic and it has done so with an arrogant wave of the hand as if issuing a minor regulation. Because of the terrible substance of the decision and the haughty style of its enactment, the people feel betrayed and angry.

“At this moment, we know not to where this anger will lead. In good conscience, we pray against violence. Also in good conscience, it is the duty of every citizen to peacefully demonstrate and record their opposition to this draconian measure that is swiftly crippling the economy more than it will ever cure it.

“By taking this step, the government has tossed the people into the depths of the midnight sea. Government demands the people swim to safety under their own power, claiming the attendant hardship will build character and add efficiency to the national economy. It is easy to make these claims when one is dry and onshore.

“Government would have us believe that every hardship it manufactures for the people to endure is a good thing. This is a lie. The hardships they thrust upon the poor often bear no other purpose than to keep them poor. This is such a time…..

“Though someday, Nigeria will have to remove the subsidy, the time to do it is not now. This subsidy removal is ill-timed and violates the condition precedent necessary before such a decision is made. First, the government needs to clean up and throw away the salad of corruption in the NNPC.

“Then, proceed to lay the foundation for a mass transit system in the railways and road network with long-term bonds and fully develop the energy sector towards revitalizing Nigeria’s economy and easing the burden any subsidy removal may have on the people.

“But we know this is about more than the fuel subsidy. It is about the government’s ideas on the role of money in bettering the lives of people, about the relationship between the government and the people and about the primary objective of the government’s interaction with the economy. It is about whom, among Nigeria’s various social classes, does government most values.

“This is why the public reaction has been heated. It is not so much that people have to spend more money. It is because people feel short-changed and sold out.

“… What this government claims to be economic decisions are essentially political ones. As there is progressive politics, there is progressive economics. As there is elitist politics, there is elitist economics. It all depends on what and who in society the government would rather favour. The Jonathan tax represents a new standard of elitism.

“This whole issue boils down to whether the government believes the general public is worth a certain level of expenditure…

“However, because the distance between the government and the people is far and the genuine level of affection is low, the government sees no utility in continuing to spend the current level of money on the people. In their mind, the people are not worth the money.

“Government sees more value in “saving” money than in saving the hard-pressed masses…

” If the government thrashed the fuel subsidy based on considerations that it will run out of naira then it based its decision on a factor that has not been relevant since the time of the Biafran war.

“…. Since In a fiat money system, the problem with the fuel subsidy is not impending insolvency as the government asserts. The serious constraint is inflation. Here we must ask whether the payment is so inflationary as to distort the economy. We have been making the payment for years and inflation has not wrecked the economy. This historic evidence refutes the imminent disaster claimed by the government.

“In advancing the argument that subsidy would lead to imminent bankruptcy, government reveals its lack of trustworthiness on important matters of fact….

“Nigerians have a collective stake in the ownership of our oil resource held in trust by the government of the day. What we need then is the effective management of this scarce resource that will beget long-term prosperity to the suffering people of Nigeria and not the present racket in which those in power abuse access and control of NNPC and oil revenue to warehouse money to fund their election campaigns.

“This brings us to another inconsistency. On one hand, the government states the expenditure is unsustainable yet on the other it claims the amount now earmarked for the subsidy will be used to fund other people-oriented programs. However, the two assertions cannot exist at the same time. If the subsidy is bankrupting us, then reallocating funds to different programs will be no less harmful. A bankrupting expenditure retains this quality whether used for a subsidy or another purpose. Earmarking the funds to something else will not change the fiscal impact. If the government is sincere about using the funds for other programs, then it must be insincere about the threatened insolvency.

“The concern about the government saving naira is purely superfluous. Officials cry that Nigeria will become like Greece. Those who say this disqualify themselves from high office by their own words. Greece sits in a terrible situation because it forfeited its own currency. Thus, it cannot print itself out of insolvency and it must save or earn euro to pay its bills. Because Nigeria issues its own currency, it does not face the same constraint.

“Again, Nigeria’s problem with the subsidy is not insolvency. Therefore, to go from subsidy to nothing is not wise economics for it “saves” government nothing. What it does is produce real havoc and misery for the majority of the people while the governing elite worship their mistaken fiscal rectitude.

“Ironically, by acting like the old gold standard fiscal constraints are real, this government will incur the very thing it seeks to avoid. It will subject Nigeria to a crushing economic contraction.

“The difference between us and the Greeks will be that their situation is the inevitable result of being a weak member in a monetary union dominated by a strong economy, while our downturn will be a discretionary one artificially induced by the backwardness of our policymakers…

“Again, we must rid ourselves of the old notion that government saving and budgetary surpluses are inherently good and that deficits are always bad. For government to save naira, that means it brings in more than it pays out. Where does this influx come from? It comes from you and me, the private sector. If the federal government saves more, it means the private sector will have less. Government surplus means private sector contraction. This shows that the administration has its priorities confused. It acts as if the people are there to help government run itself.

“The more beneficial relationship is that government should be giving people the help needed to better live their lives. The government’s position is akin to a wealthy parent demanding his young children bring home more food for him to consume than the parent gives them to eat. We would deride any parent for such meanness. Yet, this government believes this conduct is wise and prudent.

“Another argument government has presented is that removal of the subsidy will stabilize the exchange rate. This makes no sense. True, since marketers convert much of the naira from selling petrol gained into dollars, there is downward pressure on the exchange rate and foreign reserves. However, this pressure is not a byproduct of the subsidy.

“It is a byproduct of importation. With the subsidy lifted, the marketers will earn the same or more from the sale of petrol. For there to be less pressure on the exchange rate would mean the marketers would seek to exchange significantly less of the same amount of naira into dollars simply because the subsidy was removed.

“There is no logical basis to assume the new Jonathan tax will have the behavioral impact of causing importers to want to hold more naira. The downward pressure on our currency and reserves will not change simply because the imported items are no longer subsidized. In fact, the higher rate of inflation caused by the removal may make importers keener to change naira into dollars. Thus, the real challenge in this regard is for government to pave the way to increased domestic production.

“There is another “philosophical mystery” in the government’s position. They state the subsidy must be removed to end the unjust enrichment of the importing cabal. There is a major problem with this assertion. If this is truly a subsidy, there should be no unjust enrichment.

“A subsidy is created to allow the general public to pay a lesser price while sellers earn the prevailing market price. Subsidy removal should not increase or decrease the amount earned per litre by the suppliers. If the amount earned by the suppliers will diminish materially, what government had been operating was in part a pro-importer price support mechanism on top of the consumer-friendly subsidy. If this is the case, government could have abolished the unneeded price support while retaining the consumer subsidy.

“More to the point, government has failed to show how the system it plans to use will be protected from the undue influence and unfair dealings of those who benefited from the discarded subsidy regime. Because it is capital intensive by its very nature, this sector of the economy is susceptible to control by a few powerful companies.

“Most of the players will remain the same except that a few cronies of the administration will be allowed entrance into the lucrative game. Sending the economy into the gutter is a steep cost to pay just so a few friends can.

“Government claims the subsidy removal will create jobs. This is misleading. The stronger truth is that it will destroy more jobs than it creates. For every job it creates in the capital intensive petroleum sector, it will terminate several jobs in the rest of the labor intensive economy. Subsidy removal will increase costs across the board. However, salaries will not increase.

“This means demand for goods will lessen as will sales volumes and overall economic activity. The removal will have a recessionary impact on the economy as a whole. While some will benefit from the removal, most will experience setback.

“What is doubtless is that the Jonathan tax will increase the price of petrol, transportation and most consumer items. With fuel prices increasing twofold or more, transportation costs will roughly double. Prices of food staples will increase between 25-50 percent. Yet this is more than about cost figures.

“Most people’s incomes are low and stagnant. They have no way to augment revenue and little room to lower expenses for they know no luxuries; they are already tapped out. The only alternative they have is to fend as best they can, knowing they must somehow again subtract something from their already bare existence.

” There will be less food, less medicine, and less school across the land. More children will cry in hunger and more parents will cry at their children’s despair. This is what government has done. Poor and middle class consumers will spend the same amount to buy much less.

“The volume of economic activity will drop like a stone tossed from a high building. This means real levels of demand will sink. The middle class to which our small businessmen belong will find their profit margins squeezed because they will face higher costs and reduced sales volumes.

” These small firms employ vast numbers of Nigerians. They will be hard pressed to maintain current employment levels given the higher costs and lower revenues they will face. Because the middle class businessman will be pinched, those who depend on the businessmen for employment will be heavily pressed.

“States that earn significant revenue from internally generated funds will find their positions damaged. Internally generated revenue will decline because of the pressure on general economic activity. The Jonathan tax will push Nigeria toward an inflation-recession combination punch worse than the one that has Europe reeling.

“This tax has doomed Nigeria to extra hardship for years to come while the promised benefits of deregulation will never be substantially realized.

” People will starve and families crumble while federal officials praise themselves for “saving money.” The purported savings amount to nothing more than an accounting entry on the government ledger board. They bear no indication of the real state of the economy or of the great harm done the people by this miserly step.

“As stated before, the threat of bankruptcy is nothing more than a ghost of something long dead. The real consideration is not whether this sum should be spent but whether it is better spent on the subsidy or on other programs. Nigerians do not need to be wedded to the subsidy. It is not the subsidy that gives life to the social compact; the amount of the expenditure is the better litmus.

“When attempting to douse popular sentiment, government pretended that the social contract would remain intact because government would spend the money saved from the subsidy on other programs. This would be nice if supported by action. If government were sincere in this regard, it would have used an entirely different strategy…”

“In light of the foregoing, we advise Tinubu to respect his owe postulations and economic theories instead of daring the people. It could be a costly gamble.”

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